Lindsay's favorite village that we visited was Les Baux-de-Provence. Les Baux is a village set atop a rocky outcrop with a ruined castle overlooking the plains to the south.
Owing to the defensive possibilities, the site was settled early on in human history, and traces of human habitation have been found dating back to 6000 BC. The site was used by the Celts around the 2nd century BC. It obviously provides quite a vantage point over its surroundings, and it's impressive to think those old civilizations could build on such terrain.
In the Middle Ages the magnificent castle was the the seat of a powerful feudal lordship that controlled 79 surrounding towns and villages.
Les Baux was a center for protestantism in the 17th century, which is why in 1632 Cardinal Richelieu stormed and demolished the castle and its walls. This is what's left of the castle which was originally built directly into the rock.
Lindsay was happy with the view and the weather. The village itself is beautiful as well, and we enjoyed it. If I remember correctly, our visit included a delicious ham, gruyere, and goat cheese panini, a nutella crepe, and a nutella and banana panini.
We absolutely could have stayed and explored Les Baux-de-Provence for days, but instead we headed out on onward. We stopped near some very old Roman ruins at a place called Glanum. This roman city was built on an even older Celtic city. There are some really well preserved roman ruins: A victory arch was built at the city gate from 25-10 BC by the Emperor Augustus celebrating the Roman take-over of Glanum.
And a mausoleum built around 40 BC.
We continued on to the town of St-Remy-de-Provence, which unfortunately was torn up with construction, before heading to the city of Nimes.